This document builds on a discussion paper developed by the Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons on the current state of evaluation practice in the field of trafficking in persons. It provides an accessible and easily employable set of tools that practitioners can use to put sectoral learning to work and improve their counter-trafficking programmes. These tools are intended to help strengthen programme design, inform planning for evaluation, and engender formative and summative learning. It is hoped that the wide use of such tools will lead to more effective programmes that, together with their evaluation, would contribute to further building the evidence base of “what works” to respond effectively to trafficking in persons.
Part I provides a general overview of counter- trafficking programming design issues, and highlights the value of (a) drawing on behaviour change and good practice and (b) considering the potential for interventions to, negatively, displace rather than reduce trafficking – an important issue for prevention programmes and prosecutorial responses. It provides an overall starting point for the design of counter-trafficking interventions, outlining a series of questions to help map the specifics of individual trafficking patterns and identify the most appropriate set of responses.
Part II elaborates on seven types of counter- trafficking activities. Each section contains (a) a brief discussion of lessons learned; (b) a set of questions aimed at assisting in programme design; and (c) a non-exclusive set of possible indicators for measuring progress in responding to trafficking. These sections are:
- Raising awareness of trafficking risks and responses
- Improving livelihoods as an alternative to risky migration
- Strengthening the legal framework on trafficking in persons
- Building criminal justice capacity to respond to trafficking in persons
- Promptly and accurately identifying and referring trafficked persons
- Providing support and durable solutions for trafficked persons
- Developing national plans of action against trafficking in persons